The porticoes of Bologna have been inscribed on the Italian Tentative List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, in 2006. The nomination document is available at this web address: http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/5010/.
The proposal for the nomination has been presented by the Municipality of Bologna to the Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali, acting as representative, through the UNESCO World Heritage Bureau, for the list of sites protected as world heritage by the Italian Government.
The leading group, in charge of managing the promotion of the nomination, is coordinated by the Municipality of Bologna and formed by Regione Emilia-Romagna, Città Metropolitana di Bologna, Segretariato regionale del Ministero dei beni e delle attività culturali e del turismo per l'Emilia-Romagna, Soprintendenza Belle arti e paesaggio per le province di Bologna, Modena, Reggio Emilia e Ferrara, Alma Mater Studiorum – University of Bologna, Curia di Bologna, Comitato per il restauro del portico di San Luca, Fondazione Del Monte, Carisbo Foundation, Chamber of Commerce and APT Servizi Regionali Emilia-Romagna.
The nomination has been developed by a scientific committee coordinated by the Municipality of Bologna, which is formed by “Centro Gina Fasoli per la storia delle città” of the University of Bologna, the Department of Architecture of the University of Bologna, Cineca and Mate Engineering.
The porticoes nomination is an overall project dedicated to the international preservation, promotion and protection of the city. The porticoes system of Bologna connects the historic city with the contemporary one through a lively network, with an extent having no equal all around the world. Its distinctiveness is due to the special combination of unique architectural, judicial and environmental influences.
The portico as public space reflects in Bologna significant expressive forms, typifying the entire urban landscape, being the paradigm of a certain kind of social life or relationship, always present, in every age and under any climatic condition.
The request for inscription will be accompanied by a Management Plan, which will describe the different actors, private and public ones, involved in the management system of the property; in agreement with the participatory logics recommended by UNESCO. The city of Bologna has already identified the several participatory actions supporting the drafting and the future implementation of the plan and it can count on the active collaborations of many city associations.
The UNESCO Nomination Process
According to the UNESCO Convention, state parties acknowledge that the properties located within their territory and inscribed on the World Heritage List are part of their heritage. For this reason, the entire national and international community is required to contribute to their protection. The Convention is the expression of a ratified agreement almost universally accepted, with the aim of providing the necessary intellectual and financial resources for safeguarding the properties inscribed on the World Heritage List.
In order to be inscribed on the World Heritage List, a property must be of outstanding universal value and it has to meet at least one out of ten selection criteria; as they are described on the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention. Both the Convention and the Operational Guidelines for its implementation are available on the Italian website of the UNESCO World Heritage Bureau of the Ministero dei Beni Culturali: http://www.unesco.beniculturali.it/index.php?it/9/requisiti-per-liscrizione
When applying for inscription, a state party must submit a nomination dossier to the World Heritage Centre; then the Centre performs a first assessment about the completeness of the received documents. If the submitted documentation meets the completeness requirements within the given deadline, it is then submitted to the Advisory Bodies for evaluation. The final decision about the inscription is up to the World Heritage Committee, which can decide to postpone the decision, requiring additional information, or to refuse the inscription. The Committee gathers, once a year, in order to decide which property will be inscribed on the World Heritage List.